Data Types

You can attach a number of different kinds of values to a Metable model. The data types that are supported by Laravel-Mediable out of the box are the following.

Scalar Values

The following scalar values are supported.

Array

Arrays of scalar values. Nested arrays are supported.

<?php
$metable->setMeta('information', [
        'address' => [
                'street' => '123 Somewhere Ave.',
                'city' => 'Somewhereville',
                'country' => 'Somewhereland',
                'postal' => '123456',
        ],
        'contact' => [
                'phone' => '555-555-5555',
                'email' => 'email@example.com'
        ]
]);

Warning

Laravel-Metable uses json_encode() and json_decode() under the hood for array serialization. This will cause any objects nested within the array to be cast to an array.

Boolean

<?php
$metable->setMeta('accepted_promotion', true);

Integer

<?php
$metable->setMeta('likes', 9001);

Float

<?php
$metable->setMeta('precision', 0.755);

Null

<?php
$metable->setMeta('linked_model', null);

String

<?php
$metable->setMeta('attachment', '/var/www/html/public/attachment.pdf');

Objects

The following classes and interfaces are supported.

Eloquent Models

It is possible to attach another Eloquent model to a Metable model.

<?php
$page = App\Page::where(['title' => 'Welcome'])->first();
$metable->setMeta('linked_model', $page);

When $metable->getMeta() is called, the attached model will be reloaded from the database.

It is also possible to attach a Model instance that has not been saved to the database.

<?php
$metable->setMeta('related', new App\Page);

When $metable->getMeta() is called, a fresh instance of the class will be created (will not include any attributes).

Eloquent Collections

Similarly, it is possible to attach multiple models to a key by providing an instance of Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection containing the models.

As with individual models, both existing and unsaved instances can be stored.

<?php
$users = App\User::where(['title' => 'developer'])->get();
$metable->setMeta('authorized', $users);

DateTime & Carbon

Any object implementing the DateTimeInterface. Object will be converted to a Carbon instance.

<?php
$metable->setMeta('last_viewed', \Carbon\Carbon::now());

Serializable

Any object implementing the PHP Serializable interface.

<?php
class Example implements \Serializable
{
        //...
}

$serializable = new Example;

$metable->setMeta('example', $serializable);

Plain Objects

Any other objects will be converted to stdClass plain objects. You can control what properties are stored by implementing the JsonSerializable interface on the class of your stored object.

<?php
$metable->setMeta('weight', new Weight(10, 'kg'));
$weight = $metable->getMeta('weight') // stdClass($amount = 10; $unit => 'kg');

Note

The Plank\Metable\DataType\ObjectHandler class should always be the last entry the config/metable.php datatypes array, as it will accept any object, causing any handlers below it to be ignored.

Warning

Laravel-Metable uses json_encode() and json_decode() under the hood for plain object serialization. This will cause any arrays within the object’s properties to be cast to a stdClass object.

Adding Custom Data Types

You can add support for other data types by creating a new Handler for your class, which can take care of serialization. Only objects which can be converted to a string and then rebuilt from that string should be handled.

Define a class which implements the Plank\Metable\DataType\Handler interface and register it to the 'datatypes' array in config/metable.php. The order of the handlers in the array is important, as Laravel-Metable will iterate through them and use the first entry that returns true for the canHandleValue() method for a given value. Make sure more concrete classes come before more abstract ones.